Unani is another system of medicine which is similar
in principle to Ayurveda. At the Kerala Vaidyashala
Unani system is practiced under the guidance of an
able Unani physician. He brings to the system a competency
in dealing with various disorders
The Unani system of medicine owes its origin to the
Greeks. Hippocrates, the Greek Philosopher
– Physician who lived during BC 460-377, freed
medicine from the clutches of magic and superstition
and made it into a science. He advocated that disease
was a natural phenomenon and its symptoms were the
reactions of the body to the disease. He said that
the chief function of the physician was to aid the
natural forces of the body. He was the first physician
to introduce the method of taking medical histories.
His chief contribution to medicine is the humoral
theory, the basis of Unani. Later, several other Greek
scholars developed the system, and of them Galen who
lived during 131-210 A.D, and Arab Physicians like
Rhazes and Avicenna made significant contributions,
and as a result, it became a full fledged system of
Unani in India
The Unani system has along and impressive record in
India. It was introduced in India around 10 th century
A D with th sread of Islamic civilization. Now Unanipathy
has become a part of Indian system of Medicine and
India is one of leading countries so far as its practice
is concerned. It is very much similar to our Ayurveda.
Presently, there are recognized practitioners hospitals,
educational and research institutions which forms
an integral part of the health care system in India.
There are at present 42 Unani Medical Colleges in
Basis of the Unani medicine
The Unani system of medicine is based on the humoral
theory .The humoral (relating to the four bodily fluids)
theory presumes the presence of four humours- Dam
(blood), Balgham (phlegm), Safra (yellow bile) and
Sauda (black bile).
How does unani tackle a disease?
Every man is supposed to have a unique humoral constitution
which indicates his health. To maintain the correct
humoral balance, there is a power of self-preservation
or adjustment called ‘"quwwat -e-mudabbira"
(medicatrix nature) in the body. If this power weakens,
the imbalance in the humoral composition is bound
to occur every person resulting in disease. In Unani,
great reliance is placed in this power. The medicines
help the body to regain the power to an optimum level
and thereby restore humoral balance. Unani diagnoses
a disease through Nabz (Pulse), Baul(Urine) and Baraz
How does Unani prevent a disease?
Unani has laid down six essential pre-requisites known
as “asbab-e-Sitta Zarooriya” or air, food
and drinks, bodily movement and repose, psychic movement
and repose, sleep and wakefulness, and finally excretion
and retention for the prevention of diseases. It emphasizes
on a good environment besides clean water, food and
Most of the practising Unani physicians in India are
Muslims. Though there are also many practitioners
from other communities, most people think of Unani
as solely a Muslim system of Medicine.
Unani is a well-developed medical science and has
nothing to do with Islam or Muslim culture.
Hakkim Jameel points out that the number of students
from other communities in Unani Medical Colleges in
South India is increasing and they are not only going
for under graduate courses but post graduate courses
Siddiqi adds that the number of students from scheduled
castes and other backward sections has also registered
a sharp rise. Siddiqi observes that most patients
seeking Unani treatment are mostly from other communities.
For instance, in Delhi, Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital's
Unani wards receives over 300 patients daily, an overwhelming
In Unani medicine four methods are used for treatment
It includes Venesection, Cupping, Diaphoresis, Diuresis,
Turkish bath, Massage, cauterization ,emesis, exercise
It deals with certain ailments by administeration
of specific diets or by regulating the quantity and
quality of food.
It deals with the use of naturally occuring drugs
mostly herbal drugs of animal and mineral origin.
Simple drugs ar their combination in raw form are
preferred over compound formulations.
When the medicine is not effective, surgery is preferred.
Unanipathy has shown remarkable results in curing
diseases like Arthritis, Leucoderma, Jaundice, Bronchial
Asthma, Filariasis and several other acute and chronic
diseases where other systems do not give the desired
level of positive response. The Unani system is a
secular system in character and is popular among the
PHELGAMATIC DISORDERS (BALGAMI AMRAZ)
Chronic sinusitis, Chronic allergic cold, Headache,
Allergic asthma, Rheumatic diseases, Vittiligo etc.
BILIARY DISEASES (SAFRAVI AMRAZ)
Chronic urticaria, Irritable bowel syndrome, Indigestion,
Acid peptic disorder (gustric, duodenal ulcer, heart
burn), Palpitation, Migrain etc.
SANGUINOUS DISORDERS (DAMVI AMRAZ)
Pimples, Scabies, Eczema, Psoriasis, Chronic fever,
Sexually trasmitted disease etc.
MELANCHOLIC DISORDER (SOUDAVI AMRAZ)
Anxiety, Depression, Personality disorder, Insomnia
SPECIAL TREATMENT FOR SEXUAL PROBLEMS
Lack of vigour and vitality, Premature ejaculation,
Infertility, Spermatorrhoea, Night emission etc.