Unani Medicine


Unani is another system of medicine which is similar in principle to Ayurveda. At the Kerala Vaidyashala Unani system is practiced under the guidance of an able Unani physician. He brings to the system a competency in dealing with various disorders

The Unani system of medicine owes its origin to the Greeks.
Hippocrates, the Greek Philosopher – Physician who lived during BC 460-377, freed medicine from the clutches of magic and superstition and made it into a science. He advocated that disease was a natural phenomenon and its symptoms were the reactions of the body to the disease. He said that the chief function of the physician was to aid the natural forces of the body. He was the first physician to introduce the method of taking medical histories. His chief contribution to medicine is the humoral theory, the basis of Unani. Later, several other Greek scholars developed the system, and of them Galen who lived during 131-210 A.D, and Arab Physicians like Rhazes and Avicenna made significant contributions, and as a result, it became a full fledged system of medicine.

Unani in India
The Unani system has along and impressive record in India. It was introduced in India around 10 th century A D with th sread of Islamic civilization. Now Unanipathy has become a part of Indian system of Medicine and India is one of leading countries so far as its practice is concerned. It is very much similar to our Ayurveda.

Presently, there are recognized practitioners hospitals, educational and research institutions which forms an integral part of the health care system in India. There are at present 42 Unani Medical Colleges in India.

Basis of the Unani medicine
The Unani system of medicine is based on the humoral theory .The humoral (relating to the four bodily fluids) theory presumes the presence of four humours- Dam (blood), Balgham (phlegm), Safra (yellow bile) and Sauda (black bile).

How does unani tackle a disease?
Every man is supposed to have a unique humoral constitution which indicates his health. To maintain the correct humoral balance, there is a power of self-preservation or adjustment called ‘"quwwat -e-mudabbira" (medicatrix nature) in the body. If this power weakens, the imbalance in the humoral composition is bound to occur every person resulting in disease. In Unani, great reliance is placed in this power. The medicines help the body to regain the power to an optimum level and thereby restore humoral balance. Unani diagnoses a disease through Nabz (Pulse), Baul(Urine) and Baraz (stool)

How does Unani prevent a disease?
Unani has laid down six essential pre-requisites known as “asbab-e-Sitta Zarooriya” or air, food and drinks, bodily movement and repose, psychic movement and repose, sleep and wakefulness, and finally excretion and retention for the prevention of diseases. It emphasizes on a good environment besides clean water, food and air.

Some Misperceptions
Most of the practising Unani physicians in India are Muslims. Though there are also many practitioners from other communities, most people think of Unani as solely a Muslim system of Medicine.

Unani is a well-developed medical science and has nothing to do with Islam or Muslim culture.

Hakkim Jameel points out that the number of students from other communities in Unani Medical Colleges in South India is increasing and they are not only going for under graduate courses but post graduate courses as well.

Siddiqi adds that the number of students from scheduled castes and other backward sections has also registered a sharp rise. Siddiqi observes that most patients seeking Unani treatment are mostly from other communities.

For instance, in Delhi, Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital's Unani wards receives over 300 patients daily, an overwhelming majority.

Unani Therapy
In Unani medicine four methods are used for treatment

It includes Venesection, Cupping, Diaphoresis, Diuresis, Turkish bath, Massage, cauterization ,emesis, exercise and leeching.

It deals with certain ailments by administeration of specific diets or by regulating the quantity and quality of food.

It deals with the use of naturally occuring drugs mostly herbal drugs of animal and mineral origin. Simple drugs ar their combination in raw form are preferred over compound formulations.


When the medicine is not effective, surgery is preferred.
Unanipathy has shown remarkable results in curing diseases like Arthritis, Leucoderma, Jaundice, Bronchial Asthma, Filariasis and several other acute and chronic diseases where other systems do not give the desired level of positive response. The Unani system is a secular system in character and is popular among the masses.

Chronic sinusitis, Chronic allergic cold, Headache, Allergic asthma, Rheumatic diseases, Vittiligo etc.
Chronic urticaria, Irritable bowel syndrome, Indigestion, Acid peptic disorder (gustric, duodenal ulcer, heart burn), Palpitation, Migrain etc.
Pimples, Scabies, Eczema, Psoriasis, Chronic fever, Sexually trasmitted disease etc.
Anxiety, Depression, Personality disorder, Insomnia etc.
Lack of vigour and vitality, Premature ejaculation, Infertility, Spermatorrhoea, Night emission etc.

©2011-12 Kuroops’s Kerala Vaidyashala, Mumbai, INDIA. All rights reserved.